Food & Beverage : Fruits

Pomelo the largest citrus fruit

Text and photography by Loreen Neville
May 1st 2010

Citrus fruits often wrongfully lectured to be acidifying, although it gives off an acidic taste, actually has an alkalizing effect. The Citrus fruits over decades; through hybridization and crossbreeding have been producing varieties like those found in orange’s assortment, lemons, and limes. The grapefruit a descendent of the pomelo are but a few of the crossbreed examples. The pomelo is considered to taste like a sweeter mild grapefruit although it has none of the fruit’s bitterness.

Called a Shaddock, as of this 21st century, the Pomelo a prized fruit, remains the largest of all citrus fruits. The Pomelo means ‘blessing’ for the Chinese, is considered an auspicious fruit especially during the Chinese New Year and Mid Autumn festivals. The origins of this fruit are from South East Asia Countries, prominently grown in Malaysia, Vietnam, and China, currently also grown in parts of America like in California known for her Chandler variety and also grown wildly in Fiji.  In China, cross breeding cultivation in the Fujian province, a mountainous region, have produced a succulent rich fragrance of honey sweet tasting pomelos. In Indonesia, however, the pomelo is not really a popularized fruit but can nonetheless be seen cultivated in Palembang, South Sumatra.

 

 

 

This is a round shaped green skin pomelo. Most pomelos are thought to have a thick, smooth yellow to green skin or rind, sometimes with a pink blush.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In a closer observation, the skin of the pomelo is actually thin but the inner crust attached to the pomelo or shaddock, makes the skin appears to be thick. Connected to the rind and white crust, reveals a thin transparent non edible bitter membrane encompassing segmented of pinkish juicy pulp.

 

 

 

 

 

Depending on the variety cultivated and produced, the pulps of the pomelo can vary from a pale yellow or pink flesh and said to be bitterer than the redder pomelo pulps.

The pulp shown in the photograph is pink however; the taste is so sweet and is apparently imported in from China to Indonesia Jakarta.

 

 

 

Eaten as a fruit, the shaddock can be used for making salads, desserts, and juices. The peel or skin on the other hand is used to make marmalade and in a number of Southern Chinese cuisines.

Nutrional benefits of Pomelos

The nutritional value of citrus particularly rich in vitamin C, folic acid and potassium are already known to the market.  Citrus can also provide small doses of vitamin A, magnesium or calcium. The organic acids in citrus fruit help the body absorb calcium. Therefore, the shaddock or pomelo like a true citrus contains several types of vitamins (again depending on the variety), sugar and mineral components such as magnesium and calcium.  Adjusting to the human body metabolism, consumption of the pomelo pulp fruits in whole or liquefied, can reduce blood pressure, clear throat, relieve a cough, and also helps to boost appetite. The Chinese believes that it helps neutralize an overdose or an intake of too many alcoholic drinks

A Pomelo weighing about 100 grams contains approximately from 25 to 60 calories and a 200 gram pomelo has about 130 percent of the recommended daily Vitamin C intake. The pomelo maybe sodium, fat and cholesterol free however, the food value for a 100 grams fruit, can contain a high dose potassium level at 257 mg.  Persons on hard drug medication or RX medicines should always consult their doctors whenever high potassium levels is found in the fruits and food they eat. It can have a negative effect and lead to blood poisoning with the possibility of acquiring kidney failure. Although potassium maybe be good for you and I, however too much of it in the blood is called hyperkalemia. Too little is known as hypokalemia. The Problem truly arises are with patients that have kidney disorders.

I know this for a fact because my hubby’s kidneys are no longer functional and a high potassium diet is a big NO! He developed kidney failure from a high dose of Lipitor consumed for uric acid. Over the years of consuming RX medication Lipitor and eating too much potassium and sodium lead to the destruction of his kidneys. His previous doctor did not advise at that time the side effects of Lipitor and what should be avoided. His kidney failure could have been avoided, if proper advice had been given from the doctor to the patient. Currently under a Kidney specialist and surgeon, all precautions and proper advice are given

 

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